Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche: Advice to Three-Year Retreatants

Tashi Paljor, Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (c. 1910 – 28 September 1991) was a Vajrayana master, scholar, poet, teacher, and recognized by Buddhists as one of the greatest realized masters. Head of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1988 to 1991, he is also considered an eminent proponent of the Rime tradition.

Advice to Three-Year Retreatants by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche

Homage to the guru!

This is addressed to those staying in three-year retreat in France.

Those of you who live in Europe and other modern countries have all the amenities and luxuries this life affords, but until recently you had never even heard of the practice of Dharma. In recent times, it so happened that the teachings declined in Tibet, and many lamas of senior and junior rank from all four schools of Tibetan Buddhism arrived in India. Now, when their various teachings are being revived and the allotted time for the Buddhadharma to remain has not yet passed, a number of great masters went to visit and settle in other countries, with the result that many people throughout the modern world now have the intention to practise Dharma.

The students of my teacher, Kangyur Rinpoche, in particular have come to regard me as their own root teacher and have a sincere desire to practise Dharma throughout their entire lives. Through the inspiration and assistance of Tsetrul Pema Wangyal Rinpoche, they have established a retreat centre at Chanteloube. The real purpose behind this centre is that those who remain there in retreat establish themselves firmly on the path to liberation. If they do so, they will fulfil the enlightened vision of Kangyur Rinpoche, serve their own teachers, and make the very best use of the many profound teachings they have received. Continue reading »

Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche: Letter of Advice to Jamyang Gyaltsen

Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (1910–1991) was a highly accomplished meditation master, scholar, and poet, and a principal holder of the Nyingma lineage. His extraordinary depth of realization enabled him to be, for all who met him, a foundation of loving-kindness, wisdom, and compassion. A dedicated exponent of the nonsectarian Rime movement, Khyentse Rinpoche was respected by all schools of Tibetan Buddhism and taught many eminent teachers, including His Holiness the Dalai Lama. 

Letter of Advice to Jamyang Gyaltsen by H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. 

The following is offered to Jamyang Gyaltsen, who is virtuous and possesses the qualities of discipline and liberation!

I was delighted to learn that you are well. I too am in good health.

When practising The Bright Lamp of the Heart Essence, remember that the enlightened body, speech and mind of all the buddhas pervade the guru’s body, speech and mind. This is because his body, speech and mind are primordially pure, in both appearance and reality. There is no difference, therefore, between the guru’s body, speech and mind and those of all the buddhas.

Our own body, speech and mind, too, are, in their nature, pure, enlightened body, speech and mind. Yet, in their appearance, they seem to us impure and deluded. This is like someone with jaundice perceiving a white conch shell as yellow. Although they are the pure enlightened body, speech and mind in both nature and appearance, still, due to our confusion, they appear to us as the three impure doors. Such impurity, however, is not found either in the nature or appearance of the three doors themselves; it is simply how they seem to us from a deluded perspective. Continue reading »

Central Doctrines of Tibetan Buddhism

Central Doctrines of Tibetan Buddhism

The first truth means that any form of conditioned existence is ultimately of the nature of suffering and dissatisfaction. The second truth means that suffering, which we all instinctively shun, comes about due to conditions, namely the afflictions that lie within us and the karmic actions which they impel us to perform. This state of suffering and delusion is often illustrated by means of the so-called Wheel of Life that depicts the interlocking chains of the “twelve links of dependent origination”. Continue reading »

Four Main Schools of Tibetan Buddhism

Four Main Schools of Tibetan Buddhism

There are four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism: Nyingma, Sakya, Kagyü, and Geluk. All four schools identify themselves as belonging to the Mahayana or “Great Vehicle” tradition, and therefore are proponents of universal enlightenment. Historically the Mahayana tradition of Buddhism Continue reading »

The 37 practices of a Bodhisattva

Thogme Zangpo

Thogme Zangpo

The 37 practices of a Bodhisattva

(Rgyal-sras lag-len so-bdun-ma)
By Thogme Zangpo

I pay heartfelt homage to you, Lokesvara; You have true compassion extending to all.
To those who in every coming and going have seen that each thing is inherently void, and thus can devote both their time and their efforts with one aim in mind – “Let me benefit all!”

To such foremost Gurus and you, Lokesvara, All- seeing protector, with utmost respect I bow down before you in constant obeisance, and turn to your service my thoughts, words and deeds. Continue reading »

The Six Meditation



The Six Meditation Techniques of Acarya Manjusrimitra

O Noble One, should you wish to experience the Continuum of Awareness (vidya-santana) in all its unveiled nakedness, then:

(1) focus on absolute Awareness as the object [of Meditation];

(2) press the points of the body with the mudra1;

(3) retain the coming and going of the breath2;

(4) aim [the arrow] at the target [of the crown bindu];

(5) rely on the immovability (acala) of body, eyes, consciousness;

(6) and grasp the Vast Openness [of absolute Awareness].3


This is the last testament of Sri Manjusrimitra.


1 For further reference to the mudra, see in particular the description given in the Sri Hevajra-dakini-jalasamvara-tantra, vol: ii, ch. 5, line 69: svasavyetarapanes tu vrddha vanamika ca ya/ tabhyam prapidayed yogi sambhoge laharidvayam//.

2 To retain the coming and going of the breath here means to practice what in Yoga is called the kumbhaka, or vase-breath. Continue reading »

Ganga-Mahamudra-Upadesa of Sri Tilopa



Homage to the Vajra Dakini!

Mahamudra is beyond all words and concepts.
But for your sake, O Naropa, my most devoted disciple,
who is diligent in ascetic practice and exertion,
this shall be said:

Space lacks any locality at all.
Likewise, Mahamudra rests on naught.
Thus, without making effort, abide in the pure primordial state,
and the fetters that bind you will simply drop away.

Just as when looking into the open sky,
fixed concepts of centre and circumference dissolve,
So, if with mind one perceives the mind, mental activity ceases; then is it, that Enlightened-mind is realized.

Clouds that arise and take form in the sky,
pass away quite automatically according to natural law.
Likewise, the flow of concepts arising in the mind,
naturally pass away when mind perceives mind.

Space has neither shape nor colour;
it is changeless, and not tinged by either white or black. Continue reading »

Aryasura: Fifty stanzas of guru devotion


By Aryasura written in the first century B.C.

With an oral commentary by Geshe Ngawang Dhargey

Homage to the Bhagavan Vajrasattva.

Bhagavan is one of the many epithets used for an Enlightened Being, a Buddha. The Tibetan term for it, “Chom-dan-da (bCom-ldan ‘das)”, is etymologies as follows. “Chom” means to overcome. Buddhas have overcome both the obstacles preventing Liberation and those preventing Omniscience. Continue reading »

Practice of Holy Transcendental Wisdom

Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita

Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita

The Stanzas on the Practice of Holy Transcendental Wisdom

Arya Prajna-Paramita Carya Gatha

Stanza I

1. vara-prema-gauravu-prasadu upasthapitva
2. prajahitva avarana-klesa malatikrantah
3. srutam jagartham abhiprasthita-suratanam
4. prajnaya paramita yatra caranti surah

1. Draw forth extreme love, yearning, and devotion; Continue reading »

Jamgon Kongtrul: Buddha Nature


Buddha Nature by Jamgon Kongtrul

Toronto, August 8, 1990

Translated by Ken McLeod

The principal reason for my visiting Toronto at this time is to present what is known as the empowerment of Kalachakra, Wheel of Time. This is a preliminary talk on Buddhism, about the Dharma, the teachings of Buddha. What I wish to talk about this evening is a very important teaching from the final cycle of teachings, which come from Buddha Shakyamuni. The principal theme of this cycle of teachings is Buddha Nature.

Generally the teachings of Buddhism, teachings which come down to us from the Buddha Shakyamuni, are extraordinarily profound and extensive. The reason for this spread in both profundity and extent is basically the very varied motivations, temperaments and capabilities of individual people. Some of the teachings, which Buddha presented, were directed towards people very much in the midst of their lay lives, ordinary lives and daily lives. Some were provisional teachings, which were intended to lead a person into a deeper appreciation. Some of the teachings were about how things actually are what we call the definitive or certain sections of the teachings.

Continue reading »

H. H. Gyalwang Drukpa, Jigme Pema Wangchen: Be Grateful

His Holiness Gyalwang Drukpa: We can even be inspired by our fears because breaking through them is often the biggest catalyst for transformation.

His Holiness Gyalwang Drukpa, Jigme Pema Wangchen: Be Grateful

While we are busy complaining and looking for reasons to dislike or be angry with our circumstances and the people around us, we still expect ourselves to be happy. But if our minds are only looking for problems, how can we be? If gratitude and appreciation are lacking in our lives, we will miss the path to happiness.

What is going well in your life?

People often tend to focus on what is going wrong in their lives, rather than giving themselves a chance to dwell on what’s going well. It is true that we can learn very helpful lessons from things that happen which we would describe as mistakes. And learning such lessons allows us to develop our skills, our compassion and the ability to see things from alternative points of view. However, sometimes I think we forget there are great lessons to be had from the parts of life that fill us with joy. Simply the act of shining a light on those good feelings encourages them to grow and infuse the rest of our life, or at least the rest of our day. Continue reading »


bh-copia-4Karma: The Possession That Follows Us Everywhere

It is mental volition, O monks, that I call karma. Having willed, one acts through body, speech or mind. The Buddha (Anguttaranikaya, III, p. 41)

Karma is a very important subject, one which we should understand clearly. Karma is not a concept or a theory; karma is a natural law of the universe. Comprehending karma is the Right Understanding (or Right View) of Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path. With right understanding, we realize the wholesome, life-affirming actions that bring benefit and happiness to all beings, as well the unwholesome, negative actions which bring unhappiness and suffering. Continue reading »

Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche: Born to be Free

Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche: what frees us from illusion is the discovery of truth.

Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche: Born to be Free

Rebel Buddha is an exploration of what it means to be free and how it is that we can become free. Although we may vote for the head of our government, marry for love, and worship the divine or mundane powers of our choice, most of us don’t really feel free in our day-to-day lives. When we talk about freedom, we’re also talking about its opposite—bondage, lack of independence, being subject to the control of something or someone outside ourselves. No one likes it, and when we find ourselves in that situation, we quickly start trying to figure out a way around it. Any restriction on our “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness” arouses fierce resistance. When our happiness and freedom are at stake, we become capable of transforming ourselves into rebels. Continue reading »

Serkong Rinpoche: Exchanging 
One’s Attitudes

Kyabje Tsenshab Serkong Tugse Rinpoche: On that basis, we will be able to develop the exceptional resolve to alleviate the problems and sufferings of everyone and bring them happiness.

Equalizing and Exchanging One’s Attitudes about Self and Others

by Tsenzhab Serkong Rinpoche I,
translated by Alexander Berzin 
Dharamsala, India, June 4, 1983


Mere Equanimity

Visualization of Three Persons

Stopping Repulsion from Someone We Dislike

Stopping Attachment for Someone We Like

Stopping Indifference toward Someone Neutral

Distinguished Mahayana Equanimity

The Way to Actualize the Equanimity that Depends on Our Own Points of View

The Way to Actualize the Equanimity that Depends on the Points of View of Others

The Way to Actualize the Equanimity that Depends on the Deepest Point of View

The Five Decisions Continue reading »

Misunderstandings about Buddhism

Common Misunderstandings about Buddhism by Alexander Berzin

This is the printer-friendly version of: http://www.BerzinArchives.com /web/x/nav/group.html_721414008.html Contents: Common Misunderstandings about Buddhism; Misunderstandings about Ethics and Vows; Misunderstandings about Rebirth; Misunderstandings about Dharma; Misunderstandings about Karma; Misunderstandings about Gurus; Misunderstandings about Practice; Misunderstandings about Tantra; Misunderstandings about Protectors; Misunderstandings about Initiation; Conclusion Continue reading »

Serkong Rinpoche: Introduction to Lam rim

Tsenciab Serkong Rinpoche I: Develop a kind and warm heart, dedicate your heart to others and to achieving enlightenment, and you develop bodhichitta.

General Introduction to the Initial Scope Teachings 
of the Graded Path (Lam-rim)

by Tsenzhab Serkong Rinpoche I, translated by Alexander Berzin, 
edited by Samaya Hart 
Huizen, Holland, May 1980[Lightly edited transcript of an incomplete recording]


Day One: Spiritual Teachers, Precious Human Life, Death and Impermanence

Healthy Relationships with Spiritual Teachers

The Rarity of Opportunities to Meet with the Dharma

The Meaning of Dharma and the Three Levels of Dharma Practice

Achieving Happiness

Becoming Mindful of Death and Impermanence

A Precious Human Life

The Pointlessness of Working for Accomplishments Only for This Lifetime

Refraining from Taking the Life of Others

Refraining from Stealing

Refraining from Inappropriate Sexual Behavior

Refraining from Lying

Refraining from Using Divisive Language

Day Two: Karma and Refuge Continue reading »

Instructions on The Seven Points of Mind Training by Atisha


His Eminence the Third Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche, Karma Lodrö Chökyi Senge
Instructions on The Seven Points of Mind Training by Lord Atisha


I am very happy to be here and would like to thank the Berkeley Dharmadhatu/Shambhala Center for providing the opportunity to make this connection with you. It is a great pleasure for me to be here and to talk to you.

Generally speaking, at a Dharma seminar, both the teacher and the students should generate the pure motivation of the altruistic mind of Bodhicitta. The purpose of presenting and receiving the teachings is to benefit all living beings. So, please generate the altruistic mind of awakening.

From the three levels of teachings that Lord Buddha presented, the subject of this seminar is Lo-jong in Tibetan, which means “mind training,” and accords with the great Bodhisattva vehicle. The Bodhisattvayana is also known as Mahayana. Maha means “great” and is translated into Tibetan to mean “heightened.” The weight of what is lifted and heightened is in no way light or small. Now, Mahayana should not be seen as greater than Hinayana, i.e., Hinayana should not be considered inferior. All vehicles teach the means to overcome delusiveness and lead to enlightenment. Continue reading »

Determine to Be Free of Problems as a Way to Happiness

Determine to Be Free of Problems as a Way to Happiness

Dr. Alexander Berzin

To deal with the stress of the Information Age, we need to examine the ways we use the Internet, with its social media, messaging, and so forth. Once we identify our self-defeating habits that just cause us further stress, we need to recognize that the source of our unhappiness is in our own minds. Continue reading »

Milarepa: Entering the Dharma Gate



Entering the Dharma Gate by Jetsun Milarepa

Though grief in the Ocean of Samsara
Is preached, and its renunciation is urged,
Few people are really convinced
And renounce it with determination.
Though knowing that life will ever turn to death,
Few feel uneasy, or think that it will end.
Though their life is blessed with good prospects,
Few can practice abstention for a day.
Though the Bliss of Liberation is expounded
And Samsara’s pains are stressed,
Few can really enter the Dharma Gate.
Though the profound Pith-Instructions
Of the Whispered Lineage are given without stint, few
Without fail can practice them.

Though the teaching of Mahamudra is expounded
And the Pointing-out demonstration is exercised,
Few can really understand the Essence of Mind.
To the hermit’s life and the Guru’s wish
One can always aspire, but few
Can put them into practice.
The perfect, skillful path of Naropa
May be shown, without concealment,
But those who can really follow it
Are very few. My dear lad,
You should follow in my footsteps
If in this life you want to do
Something that is worthwhile.


Pabongka Rinpoche: Heart-Spoon

Heart-Spoon By Pabongka Rinpoche

Lama Zopa Rinpoche explains about Heart-Spoon:

“What is a heart-spoon? When you’re eating, you use a small spoon to extract the very best portion of the food in front of you. Similarly, this teaching on impermanence and death by Pabongka Dechen Nyingpo helps you extract the most precious essence from this human life: the ability to secure the happiness of all future lives, liberation from cyclic existence, and enlightenment for the sake of all sentient beings.” Continue reading »

A Short Dharma Teaching by His Holiness Sakya Trizin

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “We all possess the seed of the Buddha - the true nature of our mind is pure right from the beginning. All sentient beings have this seed”.

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “We all possess the seed of the Buddha - the true nature of our mind is pure right from the beginning. All sentient beings have this seed”.

A Short Dharma Teaching by His Holiness Sakya Trizin
Given on Monday, September 24th, 1984. Bristol, England.

Tibetan Buddhism is one of the richest traditions as it contains all the different levels of teaching give by Lord Buddha: Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana. The teachings have now spread to many countries and many people are practicing them, which is good as they are the only source of benefit and happiness. Through the Buddhas great activity many different schools arose. In Tibet there are four major schools, They are like one family which has 4 jewels, if one jewel is lost, it is a great loss. Therefore it is important that all 4 traditions are preserved and continued.

Lord Buddha resolved to attain enlightenment for the sake of all sentient beings. He had accumulated a tremendous amount of merit and wisdom over 3 countless aeons. He then appeared in India as a son of the Shakya kingdom and performed the 72 great deeds. He set an example by showing that enlightenment can be attained by an ordinary person through following the noble path. Continue reading »

The Four Noble Truths and The Noble Eightfold Path

Shakyamuni Buddha: The Fourth Noble Truth is the Way, the Path leading to the end of dissatisfaction and suffering. 

Shakyamuni Buddha: The Fourth Noble Truth is the Way, the Path leading to the end of dissatisfaction and suffering.

The Four Noble Truths and The Noble Eightfold Path

The First Noble Truth: The Truth of Dissatisfaction and Suffering

The First Noble Truth describes the nature of life and our personal experience of this impermanent, ever-changing world. All beings desire happiness, safety, peace, and comfort. We desire what is satisfying, pleasurable, joyful, and permanent. However, the very nature of existence is impermanent, always changing, and therefore incapable of fully satisfying our desire. Inevitably, we experience frustration, anger, loss, unhappiness, and dissatisfaction. Life is in constant change, and changes such as birth, old age, sickness, and death can bring dissatisfaction or suffering. Suffering may arise from being associated with people or conditions that are unpleasant, from being separated from people we love or conditions we enjoy, from not getting what we desire, or from getting what we desire then losing it. Continue reading »

H.H. Sakya Trizin: Parting From the Four Desires

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “By meditating on this precious human life and impermanence, you will be liberated from the sufferings inherent in this life.”.

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “By meditating on this precious human life and impermanence, you will be liberated from the sufferings inherent in this life.”.

Parting From the Four Desires: A Basic Teaching by His Holiness Sakya Trizin

History of the Teaching

We begin with a brief history of this teaching. When the great yogi, the Lama Sakyapa, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, was twelve years old, one of his Gurus, Bari Lotsawa, advised him, “Since you are the son of a great spiritual teacher, it is necessary to study the Dharma, and to study the Dharma requires wisdom. The best way of acquiring wisdom is to practice Manjushri.” So, Bari Lotsawa gave Sachen Kunga Nyingpo the empowerment of Manjushri with all the necessary “lungs.” Then Sachen Kunga Nyingpo undertook a six-month retreat on Manjushri. At the beginning, there were some signs of obstacles, which he managed to purify through the practice of the wrathful Deity, Achala. He continued his meditation and at one time, in his pure vision, he saw Arya Manjushri in the preaching mudra, sitting on a jewelled throne with two other attendants. He received immense insight-wisdom at that moment and Manjushri bestowed this four-line teaching directly to Sachen Kunga Nyingpo:

If you desire the worldly aims of this life,
you are not a spiritual person; Continue reading »

Serkong Tsenshab Rinpoche: Renunciation

Serkong Tsenshab Rinpoche: If you want to gain complete liberation from cyclic existence, you have to follow the teachings of the Buddha completely and precisely. If you do so correctly, liberation from cyclic existence is definitely possible.

Serkong Tsenshab Rinpoche: Renunciation. New Delhi, India, 1979

Dharma protects us from suffering

The Sanskrit word Dharma [Tib: chö] means to hold, or uphold. What is it that Dharma upholds, or maintains? It is the elimination of suffering and the attainment of happiness. Dharma does this not only for us but for all other sentient beings as well.

The sufferings we experience are of two types: those immediately visible to us as humans and those we cannot see without psychic powers. The former include the pain involved in the birth process, the unpleasantness of occasionally becoming sick, the misery experienced by growing old and aging, and the terror of death.

The sufferings that come after death are not visible to an ordinary person. We might think that when we die we will probably be reborn as a human being.

However, this is not necessarily the case. There is no logical reason for us to assume that such an evolution will occur. Nor is it the case that after we die we will not take rebirth at all.

As for the particular type of rebirth we will take, this is very difficult to predict; it’s not within our present sphere of knowledge. If we generate positive karma during this life, it will naturally follow that we will take happy forms of rebirth in the future. Conversely, if we create mostly negative karma, we will not take a happy rebirth but experience great difficulties in lower states of being. This is certain. That’s the way rebirth works. If you plant a wheat seed, a wheat plant grows; if you plant a rice seed, a rice plant is produced. Similarly, if you create negative karma, you’re planting the seeds of rebirth in one of the three lower states as a hell being, a hungry ghost or an animal. Although the sufferings of the hell beings and hungry ghosts may be invisible to us, we can see those of the animals with our own eyes. If we wonder what it would be like if we ourselves were to be reborn as animals, we can just look at those around us and imagine what it would be like to be in their condition. Dharma is that which holds us back and protects us from experiencing the suffering of the three lower realms. Continue reading »

Buddhagupta: An Extensive Commentary on the Four Immeasurables

Padmapāṇi, Ajanta

Buddhagupta: An Extensive Commentary on the Four Immeasurables

Loving kindness, compassion,
Sympathetic joy, and equanimity—
How to cultivate with diligence
These great immeasurables, I shall now explain.

Focusing on immeasurable sentient beings brings about immeasurable accumulations, immeasurable qualities, and immeasurable primordial wisdom.

Immeasaurable Sentient Beings

We cannot calculate the total number of sentient beings, saying, “This is how many there are in the three realms.” And sentient beings are thus said to be immeasurable. As the Bhagavān said in the Noble Sūtra Teaching the Great Compassion of the Tathāgatas:

Son of noble family, the sentient beings living in a space the size of a chariot wheel, visible to a Tathāgata, are extremely numerous. But the gods and humans throughout the world-systems of the vast billionfold universe are not like that: the realms of these imperceptible sentient beings are immeasurable.

Continue reading »

H.H. Sakya Trizin: Emptiness

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “The meaning of emptiness is not that phenomena do not exist. What is truly meant by emptiness is that everything that appears to our senses, absolutely everything, is interdependent ”.

His Holiness Sakya Trizin:The meaning of emptiness is not that phenomena do not exist. What is truly meant by emptiness is that everything that appears to our senses, absolutely everything, is interdependent ”.

Emptiness as Expressed in the Heart Sutra. A Teaching by His Holiness the Sakya Trizin.

The teachings of the Buddha are the source of all happiness and benefit, in this life as well as in future ones. Life makes many demands on us – we need food, shelter and other basic necessities for our survival. But the most meaningful thing in our lives is to discover the truth of all phenomena. One of the most important teachings that the Buddha gave us is that everything is impermanent, particularly our human life, which faces so many obstacles, and which can be cut short at any time. Whatever gains we attain in this life, whether it be wealth, fame, or prosperity, these gains will only last us during this lifetime, which is a very limited amount of time. This is why Jnanakirti, the great master, said that we must strive to realize truth while we have this great opportunity, as to have such an opportunity is very difficult, and it may not happen again for a very, very long time. And so, the most important, the most meaningful thing that we can do during this lifetime, which provides all the right conditions and is free from all the unfavourable states, is to discover the truth about the nature of reality. Continue reading »

H.H. Sakya Trizin: Following the Path

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “The guide is the Buddha, and the Dharma is the path you need to follow to reach the destination.”.

His Holiness Sakya Trizin: “The guide is the Buddha, and the Dharma is the path you need to follow to reach the destination.”.

Following the Path, Reading the Signs.

Teachings given by H.H. Sakya Trizin in Bristol, England, October 1991

Lord Buddha has given many teachings for the benefit of all sentient beings. Since all sentient beings have differing mentalities, propensities and defilements they need very many different types of teaching just as different types of medicine are needed to treat different diseases. Thus in Tibetan Buddhism we have four major schools, which are all a reflection of Buddha’s activity. Every sentient being possesses Buddha Nature and it is for this reason that everyone, (if they work hard) can become a Buddha. Continue reading »

Tibetan Buddhism and Psychotherapy: a conversation with H. H. the Dalai Lama

Tibetan Buddhism and Psychotherapy: a conversation with H. H. the Dalai Lama

David Ross Komito, Amherst, Massachusetts. The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 1983, Vol. 15, No.1. From an interview conducted on July 8, 1982.

I came to the town of Dharamsala in northern India to discuss with the monk-scholars, at the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, several difficult points in a Buddhist philosophical treatise which I was translating. Continue reading »